Approximately every pregnant woman may feel dizzy, and in most cases, you should not worry about this. Proper nutrition and adherence to your doctor’s recommendations will help to avoid a more difficult situation.
Dizziness during pregnancy: causes by trimester and treatment
Pregnancy is a joyous moment in every family. All 9 months, the woman’s body is preparing for motherhood. Dizziness during this period of life is one of the symptoms that many expectant mothers have to face. It may be minor, strong, and even predate loss of consciousness.
Dizzy during pregnancy
Mild dizziness should not cause particular concern in a pregnant woman because it is in this way that the body undergoes all physiological changes, especially those associated with blood circulation. If your head is spinning so gravely that it seems about to come to a loss of consciousness, then you must call the emergency services.
Even in a healthy woman, the body operates under increased stress. This means that some failures in organ systems are possible. A similar condition develops against a background of various reasons.
At different periods of pregnancy, the causes of dizziness are different. This may be trite overheating or poor nutrition, and up to more serious reasons that may threaten the health of not only the expectant mother but also the fetus.
Dizziness at this stage is quite normal. The expectant mother becomes ill in transport or in a poorly ventilated room. A weakened body simply does not receive the necessary oxygen.
In the summer, this condition is noticed almost every day. At elevated temperatures, the vessels dilate, lowering blood pressure, and this also causes a deficiency of oxygen in the brain. Also, at the beginning of pregnancy, a hormone is released that helps lower blood pressure.
During this period, the body has already adapted to the new state, so the reasons may already be more serious.
- Lessened activity – impairs blood flow, and this leads to dizziness and darkening around the eyes;
- Pregnancy diabetes – happens because the pancreas may not withstand the extra load of insulin production;
- Oxygen starvation – with the development of the child, the uterus increases and requires more oxygen to the detriment of the brain and other internal organs of the woman;
- A decrease in hemoglobin (erythrocytes) in the blood – develops against the background of certain factors, which interferes with the normal absorption of iron by the body from food.
With childbirth, possible causes disappear on their own.
In the last stages, dizziness also happens, and must not be confused with darkening in the eyes. Sometimes a woman can suddenly turn from side to side, which can lead to incomplete blood flow to the brain.
- Prolonged stay of the expectant mother in the supine position. The head will start to spin because the enlarged uterus will press and pinch large vessels. When the vena cava is pressed, not only the blood flow is disturbed, but also the head starts to spin.
- Long walking or standing upright. The blood then vigorously sits in the lower part of the body, which leads to a deterioration in the nutrition of the brain.
- A sharp decrease in blood glucose. Occur against the background of severe vomiting or poor nutrition (frequent consumption of sweets and rare intake of normal healthy food).
If your head hurts and dizzy before parturition
When the head begins to ache and dizzy from 38 to 40 weeks, this can be explained by the fact that the female body begins to gradually prepare for labor. More blood flows to the pelvic organs, and the consequence is oxygen starvation of the cerebral cortex. There may be a severe drop in blood pressure and a feeling of impending fainting. You must not worry about this, because it is a temporary malaise.
What to do in the early stages
Dizziness in the first weeks of pregnancy does not require treatment.
At home, a weak mint or lemon balm tea is brewed, however, you should not overdo it with such drinks. It is allowed to drink 300-400 ml per day (no more). Doctors suggest inhaling the aroma of dried mint, which also has a positive effect.
The woman is advised to lie down in a well-ventilated room, close her eyes, and completely relax. You can lightly massage your temples, and in the hot season, apply a cold compress to your forehead.
How to eliminate dizziness in the last stages
In the third trimester, it is important to maintain a balanced diet and not be in an upright position for a long time. If you are very worried about the upcoming birth (which can also cause dizziness), then you should start taking sedatives (valerian). The enceinte mother must get enough sleep, while sleeping is allowed only on her side. All movements during lifting from a bed or chair should be smooth and slow.
Fainting against the background of dizziness often leads to such unpleasant consequences as bruises and abrasions.
Possible pathological causes
There are several reasons that in some cases are much less common, but carry dangerous consequences.
- Heart disease;
- Squeezing of large vessels by the uterus;
- Arterial hypotension;
- Migraine headaches;
- Pathology in the work of the nervous system;
- Severe and persistent vomiting.
Such reasons straight depend on the health of the expectant mother and the environment.
Dizziness is one of the symptoms of pregnancy. This condition usually goes away quickly and without treatment. To prevent your body from severe cases, follow the recommendations of your gynecologist.